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The government still need more measures to comprehensively implement second-child policy

The passing of the Amendment for the Population and Family Planning of the Peoples’ Republic of China in the executive meeting by the State Council recently means the much concerned second-child policy is about to be implemented. It has become the focus of both the society and the academic circle as to how to connect the past so as to make conditions in the new law for further population policy reform in the future.

On the “Population and Future Seminar” held in Beijing on December 3rd, experts from the population circle, law circle and economic circle, had discussions on the crucial public policy issue and raised suggestions.

Qiu Zeqi, director of the Chinese Society and Development Research Center in Peking University thinks that loosing on the second-child policy does not mean that the future population will have a smooth growth or stay stable as expected in the future. The current stage is just a starting point. Yet what we are faced with is a rather important process concerning the whole population, social, economic and even political development.

“People are allowed to have a second child, raise a healthy second child, be able to raise a second child and raise an excellent second child.” Xue Baosheng, former director of the Population and Development Research Center in Jilin Province generalized the above four phrases in the reform direction of population policy. He thinks that the government need to show strength in loosing second-child policy in order to eliminate the realistic concerns among the masses via public policy.

Liang Jianzhang, CEO of Ctrip also expresses his view that the next step should be thinking about how to encourage more Chinese people to have a second child. He suggests that the government can consider giving subsidies to increase people’s willingness to have a second child and provide more convenience for raising a second child. Besides, social, cultural and legal guarantee should be made to ensure people’s right to deliver a baby when unmarried in order to uplift women’s social status and uplift fertility rate, realizing sustainable development.

Fu Weigang, executive president of SIFL Institute, expresses his view on “alleviating burdens” issue, saying that the exiting mechanism for social maintenance fees shall have more research and concrete measures at appropriate time. He thinks that the ways of a full refund or offsetting individual taxes may have many difficulties. Therefore, we may well benefit families that wish to have a second child by way of “exemption of endowment insurance” to offset part of their social maintenance fees.

“The population situation has become severe enough”, reminded by Yao Meixiong, vice dean of the Census Center in statistical bureau of Fujian Province. The data given by him show that China is faced with increasing declining birthrate. The proportion of those aging between 0-14 is only about 16.5% while the world average level is 27% with US 20% and India 34%.

Yao maintains that it is necessary to put uplifting the above-mentioned proportion 16.5% to 18% into the 13th five-year plan to serve as the “red line” for China’s population safety.

Published in the ChinaNews

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